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Greenhood Glossary

Below is a glossary GreenPosting has put together.

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Or, search for a term from the dictionary:
E

E-Waste  3"The Dictionary of Sustainable Management." Presidio School of Management. Retrieved 4/18/08
Waste materials generated from using or discarding electronic devices (such as computers, televisions, and mobile phones). E-waste tends to be highly toxic to humans, plants, and animals and contaminate water, air (often when burned), and dirt (where dumped or spilled). E-waste is a particular problem since technological devices are superceded so quickly, causing them to be thrown-out more quickly than many other product. Few of these devices are upgradeable, easily reusable, or easily separated for recycling of components or industrial nutrients.

E. coli 2Introduction to Sustainability: Sustainable Dictionary "sustainable table" Retrieved 4/11/08
A species of bacteria that lives in the intestines of people and other vertebrates (animals with spines). Although the bacteria that naturally exist in your intestines are harmless and helpful in digestion, eating or drinking E. coli that comes from outside, such as in polluted water or meat that has not been processed safely, can cause severe food poisoning or even death.

Eco-Labels  3"The Dictionary of Sustainable Management." Presidio School of Management. Retrieved 4/18/08
Any label that attempts to certify or distinguish a product or service in terms of environmental issues. The ISO 14021-14025 standards outline four different categories of eco-labels: Type I labels are product seals licensed by governments or third party private entities based on multiple criteria regarding lifecycle impact, such as the US-based Green Seal or Sweden's Nordic Swan. Type I seals can vary substantially in their criteria, which may or may not be known or understood by customers. Type II labels are informative, self-declaration seals about the environmental qualities of a product, such as “contains 75% recycled paper.” Type III labels offer quantified product information based on a life cycle assessment. These labels are best for comparisons between products or services. There are few examples of Type III labels in use. One in development is the Reveal label. Type IV labels are single-issue seals licensed by companies or organizations. Examples include: the Leaping Bunny (signifying no animal testing), the Good Housekeeping seal of approval, Underwriter’s Laboratories insignia, and the Forest Stewardship Council seal.

Ecological Footprint  3"The Dictionary of Sustainable Management." Presidio School of Management. Retrieved 4/18/08
A term coined by ecologist William Rees and Mathis Wackernage to describe the total ecological impact (the amount of land, food, water, and other resources needed) to sustain a person or organization. This is usually measured in acres or hectares of productive land. It is used to determine relative consumption and is frequently used as an education and resource management tool. When addressing large populations (such as countries), the total productive capacity of the Earth is sometimes used. For example, on average, the population of the USA consumes so many resources that were the rest of the world's population to consume at the same level, several more Earths would be needed to meet the demand.

Ecology  3"The Dictionary of Sustainable Management." Presidio School of Management. Retrieved 4/18/08
Derived from the Greek words oikos, and logos meaning “study of home.” Preceding the 1935 introduction of the term "ecosystem" by Sir Arthur Tansley, Vladimir I. Vernadsky used it to define the science of the biosphere. Ecology studies the Earth and its systems, including the interrelationships of all living things and all elements of their environmen. The science was further developed from the work of Ernest Haeckel when investigating ‘the study of living things within their environmental context’.

Ecosystem  3"The Dictionary of Sustainable Management." Presidio School of Management. Retrieved 4/18/08
A dynamic and interdependent living community of people, parts, or mechanisms that interact with one another. The term was coined by Arthur Tansley, a British Ecologist, who said that ecosystems have the capacity to respond to change without altering the basic characteristics of the system. A business can be viewed as an ecosystem, as can a market, industry, or economy.

Ecotourism  3"The Dictionary of Sustainable Management." Presidio School of Management. Retrieved 4/18/08
Engaging in responsible travel to natural areas while conserving the environment and improving the well-being of local people. Those who lead or participate in ecotourism activities strive to: • Minimize their impact • Build environmental and cultural awareness and respect • Provide positive experiences for both visitors and hosts • Provide direct financial benefits for conservation • Provide financial benefits and empowerment for local people • Raise sensitivity to host countries' political, environmental, and social climate • Support international human rights and labor agreements • Conservation of local, indigenous wildlife and culture

Emissions Trading  3"The Dictionary of Sustainable Management." Presidio School of Management. Retrieved 4/18/08
An approach used by governmental regulatory agencies, private trading systems (such as the CCX), and private companies to reduce air pollution by providing economic incentives to reduce net emissions. Limits or “caps” are set and groups that foresee exceeding these caps may purchase credits from groups that have not the exceeded their emissions levels.

Environment  3"The Dictionary of Sustainable Management." Presidio School of Management. Retrieved 4/18/08
A term loosely used to refer to the total of the Earth’s ecosystems. In an even larger sense, it includes not only the natural environment of ecological, biological, and climate conditions (the biosphere), but also the (human) social conditions that support (or not) various forms of life on the Earth. Some schools of thought cast the environmental as “uncontrollable” by individuals, organizations, governments, and societies and, therefore, ignorable. However, human activity affects the environment in many ways and to various degrees, including climate change, biodiversity, and the health and amount of forests, coral reefs, and other ecosystems.

Environmental Justice  3"The Dictionary of Sustainable Management." Presidio School of Management. Retrieved 4/18/08
A term referring to inequalities in use and access to environmental resources, such as clean air and water and healthy living conditions. Economic disparities or geographic access often reserve clean and healthy environments for wealthier peoples, giving poorer people less access to clean resources or healthy living conditions. Environmental Justice proponents seek to create more equal access or distribution of resources or halt or lower the impact humans have on environmental services, particularly in areas inhabited by poor or disenfranchised people.

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)  2Introduction to Sustainability: Sustainable Dictionary "sustainable table" Retrieved 4/11/08
Environmental Protection Agency. A part of the US federal government that enforces environmental laws and provides information and guidance to policy makers.

Equator Principles  1Greenopia.com glossary Retrieved 4/11/08
A financial industry benchmark for determining, assessing, and managing social and environmental risk in project financing.

Ethanol  1Greenopia.com glossary Retrieved 4/11/08
A biofuel most commonly derived from the fermentation of corn into alcohol. New methods of transforming straw and other plant wastes into ethanol are making the production process greener.

Ethylacrylate 1Greenopia.com glossary Retrieved 4/11/08
Possible human carcinogen found in some mascara. Considered one of the 10 most unsafe substances found in beauty products.


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